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Raising Third Culture Kids: A Guest Post by Sharon M

Sharon M is a full-time mom with two children, ages 4 and 18 months.  She and her family live in the Middle East, where her husband is a teacher.

sharon.jpg Packing Boxes.  Shuffling through papers and toys, trying to decide what should stay and what should go.  Finding new friends, new work, new EVERYTHING.  Where do I shop?  Where should my kids go to school?

Most of us have experienced the stress of moving to a new place.  Now, imagine that you’re not only going away from the place you call home, but you’re also diving headfirst into an entirely new country, usually complete with a new language and new culture for you to experience.  Sound insane?  Scary?  Exciting?  Welcome to the life of an ex-pat.

We’re all living abroad for different reasons.  Some of us work for religious or non-profit organizations, a few of us have husbands who work for international companies, and many are working for the US government and are stationed overseas.  I’d like to talk a little bit about my corner of the world, the Middle East.  And what it’s like to raise what we call “third culture kids.”

These kids (TCKs for the rest of this article) have grown up a significant portion of their lives overseas outside their parents’ culture; they build relationships within all of the cultures they come in contact with, while never really having full ownership of any.  Translation: Someone asks you, “Where are you from?” and you answer, “Uhhhh… (thoughtful silence)… America?” They tend to connect best with other kids that have had a similar childhood, and they are generally more mature than American kids their age.  Mave, a mom of five (with #6 on the way), lived overseas for nine years with her family before returning to the States.  She said:

Four of my children are settling into school in the US now.  Three of the four have been naturally drawn to the “internationals” in their classes.  My eldest son enjoys his friend from India.  My second daughter enjoys a Korean- American and my youngest son plays with a boy from the Netherlands.  I don’t know if this would be the case if we had not lived overseas.

Initially, language acquisition is the biggest concern for us as parents, because there is no way that these kids will ever feel connected to the locals if there isn’t some proficiency in the local language.  One of my friends (a mom with three children ranging from 11 to 4) expressed frustration with a local private school – she had to “fight the schools to accept [her] children and school them as though they are nationals” when she first moved here.  The kids have tutors every day, but she is so proud of them because they have learned the language.  Her eldest sounds just like a local kid!  Another friend of mine has a six year-old son who is rather shy and understands Arabic, but rarely speaks; he gets embarrassed when he doesn’t know what to say, and in a culture where boys are encouraged to be bold and aggressive, it can be a struggle for him.

As Americans living in the Middle East, our children stick out; the light-colored eyes, fair hair and fair skin practically scream “I AM NOT FROM AROUND HERE!”  When the kids are young, it’s actually a wonderful way to meet people.  I remember meeting one of my neighbors through my son.  He saw her children playing on the patio, walked in the gate, said “Marhaba!” (hello) and joined them!  And since people in general here are very hospitable and love children dearly, it wasn’t at all odd or rude.  However, as the children get older, it is more and more obvious that they don’t look like everyone else, and it can be uncomfortable for the kids.  Every mom I spoke with said that it is so important to have a strong family life, not too burdened with extra-curricular activities, and to connect with other moms who are living like you are (I call it “the sympathy circle”).   This is important whether you live abroad or not, but as a mom who has lived in the US and overseas, I can tell you, it’s a necessity for my sanity!

We all love to see our kids eat “weird” things and like them.  And when you’re outside your home country, it’s guaranteed that your kids are going to have to try the local food at one point or another.  My fellow blogger Um Tulip said this about her son:

He likes foods that American boys wouldn’t touch.  I remember taking him to a Middle Eastern restaurant with friends when we were back in America and he gobbled up the grape leaves.  Our friends were astounded but it’s one of his favorite foods.

And remember, these TCKs are also growing up in the USA.  They tend to be the children of immigrants or diplomats; they are Hispanic, Indian, Middle Eastern, African.  While they might grow up to look and even to sound American, they have parents with a different set of cultural values, and who (often times) have built a little “home away from home” with other people from the same ethnic background.   Many of them are grateful when, say, a co-worker invites them over for dinner or a mother they meet at the park arranges a play date.   Being among strangers in a new country can be intimidating, and a simple gesture by you can make a world of difference in their lives.

For more information on this topic, I highly recommend Third Culture Kids: The Experience of Growing up Among Worlds by David Pollock.

Have you experienced the life of an ex-pat, either as a child or an adult?  Have you been able to reach out to the ex-pats in your community, make them feel more at home where they live?  If you’ve lived overseas, what sort of advice or encouragement would you give to other moms in a new cultural and linguistic environment?

3 Responses to Raising Third Culture Kids: A Guest Post by Sharon M

  • Gravatar
    Comment by Expat Mom
    March 25, 2009 @ 9:50 am

    I`m a Canadian expat living in Guatemala. My situation is a little different from those described above, though, because my husband is Guatemalan and my two sons (3 and 2) were born here. They are being raised in the Guatemalan culture, but I also incorporate my own cultural differences into their lives and they both speak and understand English as well as Spanish. We have recently made friends with another expat family, some Americans, so it will be interesting to see how the boys interact with them, since they are used to playing with Guatemalan kids.

    Kids really benefit from living in other cultures or with mixed cultures. I`ve seen adults raised like this and they are fascinating people, usually far more open and interested in others and very relaxed about differences in language, skin color and cultures.

  • Comment by Amanda
    March 25, 2009 @ 12:36 pm

    Sharon, thank you so much for your post! This is great advice. my husband and I really want to go live overseas for 2 months at a time, because my husband can work from anywhere there is an internet connection. Your post fuels my desire to do this!

    i don’t know any ex-pats here, but I do overseas. We like to send them care packages with peanut butter and other things that they normally can’t get where they live.

  • Comment by Sharon M
    March 26, 2009 @ 1:02 am

    Ex Pat Mom — Yes, your kids would definitely be considered TCKs! What a rich experience for them to be growing up in Guatemala.
    Also, some kids just have parents that are somewhat… nomadic. I would consider my husband a TCK because he spent 5 years of his childhood in Mexico while his mom was studying at a university, and neither one of his parents are Mexican (his mom is from South America, but still, very culturally different). In some ways, he identifies more with the Mexican culture than the US culture.

    Amanda — It’s SOOO doable, especially while your kids are young. Unless you’re in Europe, people are naturally drawn to your children and it’s a great ice-breaker. And, on behalf of all your overseas friends, thanks for being so thoughtful and sending your ex-pat friends care packages! We always appreciate them. My mom sends us Jell-o pudding b/c my son loves it, and the pudding here just isn’t quite as good :)

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